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"Sovereign" - The Forgotten Entity

by Ed Lewis


"Interpretation of rights does not require legislators, attorneys, courts, judges, or any other combination of officials in positions of power, real or imagined. It requires only the individualís ability to read (or to interpret what is read to them), the below mentioned documents, knowledge of the common, everyday meanings of the words used in the documents and, most important of all, common sense as to what feels and is RIGHT, the basis of all common law in our relations with other men with whom we share this Earth."

As many hundreds of hours have been spent in studying government, including the political nature and raping of this nation of people by those in government, the misleading reports of mainstream media, the rapidly developing one world government, and what is lawful verses what is legal, the inevitable has been reached - that the majority of the American people do not have even a rudimentary understanding of what our founders accomplished with the Constitution of the united States.

They know not of its power in assuring (intended, anyway) the rights of Man secured in this nation of States. But those enemies of freedom of Man do know. They know this document was written so that any average person can read it and understand its meaning. But, because most people do not read it, the meaning has been thoroughly distorted by government, by so-called experts reading what isnít there, attorneys, the general public relying on hearsay, and education systems designed to support whatever the government deems important. The government has bought learning institutions, many experts, sources in the media, and attorneys using unlawful, coerced taxes fraudulently taken from the citizens of the united States of America.

A brief look at the Preamble reveals the Constitution as a document of the people, not a federal document. It sickens me each and every time I hear it called a "federal document" as if the federal government created it. It begins "We, the People", not "The Federal Government agrees to the below" or some other statement to that effect. This simple but complete phrase declares the Constitution as an agreement between the people to

"form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America."

Now, tell me, Good Folks, exactly in what part of this is it declared to be a federal document? Such a phrase doesnít exist. What does exist is exactly what is stated, that the people are agreeing through the Constitution to form a union of States, the united States of America, which will establish Justice, assure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote general Welfare (a sense of well-being, not benefits paid out), and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves, the People of this nation.

In order to meet these ends, the People AGREE to establish a federal government. And, what is the job of the federal government? Understanding that the few can be easily corrupted, the framers set down exactly what the functions of the Federal government are and did - not - leave - any - "lawful" - loopholes. (All alleged loopholes have been created through subversive tactics, primarily by government and its experts who either want to help tyranny to develop or because these "experts" want to cause others to think they have a great mind. Or, then again, maybe just because they donít know what the hell they are talking about.)

In Article I, Section 8, Clause 17 it is stated that a ten (10) mile square district would be established that would be the Seat of the Government of the United States, and that it would exercise authority over the district and "all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State" in which the purchase was made. This is done only for the "Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful Buildings. Land, or other property, regardless of what has been done, may not be taken or set aside under federal edict; it must be purchased and sold willingly by the people of the State or the People of a State can cede (give up) it willingly.

Thus, it is clear the district so ordered in Clause 17, the District of Columbia, is not part of any State of the Union and, therefore, is not a part of the united States of America. It is in reality a foreign location housing the government. It is NOT owned by any State or all the States, nor by the People. The only binder keeping it in existence is the Constitution of the united States of America, or, in other words, the will of the People. Its authority, so far, is only over this district.

Next, reading Article I, Section 8, Clause 18, we find that the central government established has the power to

"make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers and all other Powers vested by this constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof."

In other words, it may make any law necessary and proper for carrying out Clauses 1 through 17 of Article I, Section 8., and any law it wishes concerning the District, any department of the federal government in the district, and any officer of the federal government. But, this authority and the departmentís authority, or the officerís authority, only extends to federal enclaves including as in Article IV, Section 3., Clause 2 which gives the federal government the authority to make any rules and so on in Territories and other properties owned by the United States but not in any State.

Just for example of the reading ease of the Constitution, Clause 16 states that the Government of the United States has the function

"To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States reserving to the States respectively, the ..."

In addition to the intent of this clause, we once again see the United States is not the States. We also see that the ONLY militia the Government of the United States has control over is that part which is employed in the Service of the Government of the United States.

Thus, the federal government hasnít any power to control any of the militia except what is directly in the employ of the federal government or, as is commonly called, THE MILITARY, the United States Marines, the United States Army, the United State Air Force, the United States Navy, and the United States Coast Guard.

Please get out your copy of the Constitution and its Amendments which, by law established in the Constitution (Article V), became part of the Constitution of the united States of America. Read the other 15 clauses which clearly state the extremely limited powers of the federal government.

Ready? Now answer these questions.

1. In what clause is it stated the Government of the United States has the power to legislate firearms?

2. In what clause is it stated the Government of the United States has the power to regulate alcohol and tobacco (or any other drug containing plant, for that matter)?

3. In what clause is it stated the Government of the United States has the responsibility for creating legislation directly affecting citizens of the united States of America, that it has JURISDICTION over the People of the many States?

When you find any clause giving the federal government power to legislate other than as is set down in this Constitution of We, the People, please send it to me. I will add it into my copy of the Constitution and inform the federal government it appears their printer left out the clause.

Now, letís turn to the several States and political subdivisions of the several States. Not being rancorous, but they havenít the slightest idea of the powers given them by the People - at least, not in my experiences over the past year or so. A wager one could easily win is to bet that the legislatures and the governing bodies of political subdivisions in the many States believe Article X of the Amendments gives the States and political subdivisions the power to make virtually any law wished (plenary or near plenary power) since it states:

"The powers not delegated to the United States (again, verification the United States in the Constitution is the federal government), nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the People."

In dealings with various agencies (those stealing our earnings under color of law through income tax, property tax, fees for exercising freedoms, trespass on private property by law enforcement, etcetera), one will find that the States and lower governments ignore this most important phrase - "nor prohibited by it" and read the amendment as: "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution are reserved to the States." Yeah, right, as if the People are allowing a State government to take the place of the monarch displaced by the Revolutionary War.

Through this misinterpretation and lack of knowledge by citizens, the door to many thousands of unlawful (unconstitutional) laws is opened. Among these is the assumed power to lay tax on rights. Every fee paid to government is in reality a tax on a right unless one owns a federal corporation or is an officer of the federal government, born a non-citizen, or other characteristic that is defines the act or process as a "privilege".

This includes licensing of vehicles, driverís licenses, ordering every person who drives to become a client of the insurance industry, fees for driving on city streets (city stickers), requiring an unconstitutional tax be paid (known as property tax which is nothing more than a DIRECT TAX in violation of the Constitution), laws concerning arms owned by private law abiding citizens, and so on.

Nice convenience for them, a sort of, "Hey, letís charge people for this. We are in the government and people believe they must obey anything we make a law and, since we are in government, weíll just ignore it - ha, ha."

But, We, the People, do not have to do what they say in laws that are unconstitutional. We, the People, can tell them to shove it.

Sadly, that has been (and is) the case for the majority of people. But, We, the People, do not have to do what they say in laws that are unconstitutional. We, the People, can tell them to shove it. We, the People, can even remove them from office for violating their Oaths of Office. We, the People, can punish them in any manner we see fit, whether our form of punishment is in the various codes or not.

To continue, Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 of the Constitution of the united States of America says quite simply that

"The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of the Citizens in the Several States."

And, in Section 4 that

"The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government..."

We have come to a source of confusion concerning the rights secured in the Constitution. People have been taught to believe we are a DEMOCRATIC form of government, that the majority rules. We are not! Repeat this several times:

We are not a democratic form of government.
We are not a democratic form of government.
We are not a democratic form of government.
We are not a democratic form of government.

We are a REPUBLICAN form of government and, for Peteís sake, do not confuse this with the political party which is little different than the Federalist Party in the beginning.

The difference between these forms of government are as glaringly obvious as the difference between night and day. In a Democratic form of government, all legislation is put to the vote and the majority rules. But, our forefathers intended to protect the rights of the individual, those God given and self-evident rights secured by the Constitution. They knew in a democratic form the rights of the individual could be voted away by the majority.

Luckily, our forefathers also knew that every democratic society failed. So, they established this nation as a Republic. In a Republican form of government, the rights of the individual CANNOT be voted away by the majority. Your unalienable, self-evident rights are yours and are not affected by what the majority believes or purports to believe or how it votes. Our form of government is actually the antithesis of a democracy.

The majority does not rule if even one citizenís rights are violated.

The time majority rules is only for electing officials with the exception of the president of the United States with a few rare exceptions, such as a State putting to the vote a tax applied equally to ALL citizens of a State, regardless of age, sex, occupation, property owned, and so on. That is all. The majority does not rule if even one citizenís rights are violated. Sorry, you wannabe Hitlers but that is the fact.

The English Bill of Rights incorporated into the Constitution as the first ten amendments are a few of the rights of the individual but remember your rights do not have to be written down specifically. The founders knew this. In order to secure self-evident rights, common law rights and the like, the 9th Amendment states simply that:

"The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people."

Thus, 100 percent of the rights of the People, whether specified or not, are retained by the People. Each of us is an individual with those rights intact. We just happen to live in close proximity to others with the same rights and we as social creatures must assure we do not violate their rights. After all, being socialized is nothing more than developing respect for our own rights which leads to respect for the rights of others.

Furthermore, Article VI, Clause 2 states that the Constitution is the

"supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding."

In other words, any State law to the contrary cannot stand against an individualís rights.

Furthermore, any judge ruling against an individual based on an unconstitutional law is violating the Constitution and his Oath of Office and should be prosecuted for doing so. It is, under color of law and the creation of a Mixed War, an act of treason. Once upon a time, I suspect, anyone doing so, along with the attorneys distorting what is lawful into the potential inequity of what is legal, would have been taken out and shot or hung. Treason, after all, is a crime which carries the death penalty.

Then, in Clause 3, it orders that:

"...all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution;...(then prohibits any religious test as a qualification)."

This gives the people the power to rid ourselves of any official who does not defend our rights. We can nullify them and possibly even convict for treason. (Before you go on a rampage about what is or isnít treason, study Mixed War produced when officials act "under color of law" or email me and I will be happy to send you applicable documentation. It is too lengthy for this article.)

In regards to the fight to protect the 2nd Amendment, who has the authority to do away with it or make any law affecting the right of any citizen to protect his own life? Can the Supreme Court of the United States rule against this unalienable right? Can the Supreme Court of any State rule against this unalienable right? Can any lower court of any State or political subdivision lawfully rule against this unalienable right? In other words, who is Supreme concerning not only this right, but all rights?

In answering this, we must remember that The People created the federal government. The People created State governments. The People created political subdivisions of States. The People created ALL government. The top priority of any level of these created governing bodies is one and the same for all the levels, from the Government of the United States down to the lowest agency or department in the tiniest of political subdivisions.

Government is established BY THE PEOPLE TO PROTECT AND DEFEND THE RIGHTS OF THE INDIVIDUAL, not to make any legislation affecting those rights. What is lawful has long been accepted by the People in the Constitution of the united States of America, the Declaration of Independence, the 1688 Bill of Rights, Mosaic Law, and American Jurisprudence which together secure all unalienable, self-evident rights of all Mankind.

Where rights are concerned, no man (or organization made up of men) may legislate, vote away the rights, or prevent any person from exercising his rights. Crimes and punishments may be defined, but exercising a right that does not interfere with the rights of others cannot be made into a crime nor can it be legislated.

Thus, we find with close scrutiny based on the language in the above documents and/or compiling of common law that:

1. The United States may not make any law affecting any citizen of the united States of Americaís rights secured by the Constitution, including unalienable and all other self-evident rights.

2. The many States making up the Union may not make any law in violation of the Constitution which affects the rights of the individual citizen. In every Stateís Constitution, it is stipulated that the State accepts the Constitution in its entirety and will defend it, and it is stated in the Constitution of the united States of America they must do the same. Not only that, but each and every official regardless of government level must take and subscribe an Oath to do the same. If they do not, their position is vacated and filled with a person that will take and subscribe the oath.

3. No political subdivision may make any law in violation of the rights of the individual. Come on, People, if you have never thought about it before, think about this - What right does some local citizen voted into a city office have to tell you which of your rights you can exercise? Or the power to prohibit you from exercising certain rights? Or to control your privacy and property? (Shoot, ask this in regards to any official or groups made up of officials.)

In addition to these summarized statements, the power to determine whether any law is valid or not, rests solely with the people, not the courts. Only individuals may interpret what is lawful; this is why we have juries. Plus, if two or more citizens read a law and do not interpret it the same, the law should be made null and void for vagueness (at least according to the Supreme Court and rules of statute construction which state that a law must say what it means and mean what it says or else it is null and void).

What this means to we who defend the Constitution and the 2nd Amendment is that all 20,000 or more laws concerning arms are null and void because of being unconstitutional (excepting those applied only to felony criminals). The only goal organizations such as the NRA should have is the removal of all laws established unconstitutionally under color of law being applied to the right of law abiding citizens to keep and bear arms.

Contrary to those who would thwart our Constitution, We, the People, are the militia but not in the employ of the United States nor under the jurisdiction of the United States. We are the militia but not under the control of any State or political subdivision. Let us not continue allowing communistic-thinking legislators, judges, ignorant-of-common-law attorneys along with misguided organizations that ignore facts and the like, to make or affect laws circumventing these facts and all rights of Man.

Let the pseudo-powers that are destroying this nation, and our independence, hear us roar with the indignation of having God-given rights as living, human beings, removed by contemptible corrupted beings who will prove one day to be the lowest of the low, the evil that could conceivably destroy most of Mankind. We have the power to relieve ourselves of these un-American tyrants, whether they be in government or hiding anonymously (as all crooks do) behind government in the back alleys darkened by deceit and subversive tactics.

We each are SOVEREIGN and, as a group of sovereigns, we have dominion. We must remember this fact. What we have created with the stroke of a pen, we can wipe-out with the stroke of a pen. Only "We, the People, in Order to form a more perfect Union" have that awesome power.

Ed Lewis is a Featured Writer with Mr. Lewis' archive can be found at


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