The Second Amendment states: "A well regulated Militia being necessary
to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear
Arms shall not be infringed."
Virtually every responsible constitutional scholar who in recent years
has reviewed the language and historical context of this prohibition on
government action -- including most recently Lawrence Tribe of Harvard, a
liberal who formerly opposed private firearm ownership -- has had to admit
"this inconvenient Second Amendment" (without which a plurality of states
would never have ratified the Constitution) does indeed guarantee each
individual American the right to keep and bear military-style firearms,
without restriction -- just like it says.
But there exists a subset of the victim disarmament gang who -- or so
they would insist -- actually believe what the Founding Fathers
meant to say, was:
"Since the security of the state -- let's forget that word 'free' --
rests upon the existence of a select body of soldiers, sworn to take their
orders from the executive, therefore Congress may hand out military-style
weapons and equipment to anyone who swears allegiance to the president and
agrees to put on the uniform of the central government and obey all its
orders (the 'Army and National Guard'), but Congress meantime retains the
right to restrict ownership of modern military weapons by any other common
citizen, up to and including registration, confiscation, and outright
It seems to be one of these souls wrote in to complain about my column of
Jan. 8, in which I pointed out how the rights protected by the Bill of
Rights are intertwined, and cannot long survive without one another.
(In that column, I criticized Arizona Daily Star editor and publisher
Jane Amari for refusing to allow Tucson citizens to continue buying and
selling legal firearms through her newspaper's classified advertisements,
citing an AP account that Ms. Amari "said there was concern that people
buying through classifieds circumvent background checks now required by
Reader T.P wrote in:
"Vin Suprynowicz's commentary raises a question. Since his is the latest
article I have read concerning the Second Amendment, I would like to know:
Why is it that all staunch defenders of the Second Amendment fail to
mention the first four words of the amendment? Is it that you prefer those
four words not exist?
Mr. Suprynowicz, in your commentary, you quote all of the Second
Amendment except the first five words. Please explain their absence. For
those who may not know, those five words are: "A well regulated Militia,
Hi, T.P. --
I believe you observation is in substantial error. If you will look again
at the ninth paragraph of the column in question, I believe you will find
"And isn't the very purpose of the Second Amendment to make sure we have
an armed citizenry -- 'necessary to the security of a free state' -- to
guard that freedom of the press (among the others) from any mob or tyrant
that aims to take it away?"
The portion of this sentence which appears in quotation marks is a direct
quotation from the introductory clause of the Second Amendment -- the one
which the victim disarmament gang always wants to argue we defenders of the
Bill of Rights "ignore."
As for the inclusion of the word "militia," my Webster's New World
Dictionary (Third College Edition) defines "militia" as "1) any army
composed of citizens rather than professional soldiers, called up in time
of emergency," or "2) in the U.S., all able-bodied male citizens between 18
and 45 years old who are not already members of the regular armed forces."
Thus, my phrase, "an armed citizenry," and the phrase which you fear has
been omitted, are in fact synonymous.
Now, since it is the second clause of this amendment which carries the
vital prohibition against government action -- barring "gun control" laws
of any kind -- the second clause would remain in effect even if the
introductory clause stated "The moon being made of green cheese ..."
However, in fact, I would NOT prefer that the introductory clause of the
amendment not exist. That's why I cited it. It informs us the reason all
the citizens of America are to be armed -- with modern-day, military
weapons -- is because an armed citizenry is "necessary to the security of a
free state" (as opposed to police states, in which the individual citizens
are NOT allowed to keep modern, military-style arms, which become the
exclusive province of troops under the command of the central government),
as demonstrated by the examples in my column.
T.P wrote back:
"I agree, "necessary to the security of a free state" is a direct quote.
It's the four words preceding those where we disagree.
You contend that your phrase "an armed citizenry" is synonymous with "a
well regulated Militia." If that's the case, why paraphrase? Why not use
the exact quote since it contains only one additional word? Just how do you
explain the words, "well regulated?"
Just suppose a mob armed with guns wanted to destroy the newspaper. Would
that qualify as "an armed citizenry?" It most certainly wouldn't qualify as
a "well regulated Militia."
You've referred to the confiscation of registered guns by Turkey, Russia
and Germany. Have we not learned anything from Waco? The Branch Davidians
were armed with non-registered gun when they fought the most powerful
government in the world. They failed because they could not muster enough
public support to succeed. If ever enough public support was available to
assemble "an armed citizenry" to successfully overthrow the government of
The United States of America, would not that number be sufficient enough to
resolve the dispute at the ballot box?
It's the narrow minded individuals, intent on imposing their will, be it
on a newspaper or be it on a community, being able to assemble "an armed
citizenry" that I fear. Imagine someone in Nevada, intent on creating a
moral society that's void of gaming and legal prostitution, assembling "an
arm citizenry." The havoc they created could alter all our lives. Logic
tells me they most likely would start by attacking small places in Pahrump.
Imagine fighting in the streets as our government protected our freedom to
chose for ourselves, against "an armed citizenry" that was certain they
knew what was best for us.
An individual does not become a tyrant until they seize power. Fidel
Castro was viewed as a liberator, not a tyrant, while he lead "an armed
citizenry" against Batista in the fifties. Whom would you select to lead
"an armed citizenry" in this country?
Control of guns is no more synonymous with the outlawing of guns than "an
armed citizenry" is synonymous with "A well regulated Militia." Vin, the
manner you and the NRA chose to defend the Second Amendment -- making the
qualifier mean no more than "The moon being made of green cheese" -- only
encourages the narrow minded to create "an armed citizenry." While "the
right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed," is the
heart of the amendment, it does not stand alone."
Hi, T.P. --
The shift in the meaning of the term "well-regulated" since the 18th
century is indeed interesting. If you take a double-barreled rifle or
shotgun to a British gunsmith, even today, and ask "Can this gun be
regulated?" he will interpret that as meaning you want the barrels aligned
so that shot or ball from either barrel will strike in exactly the same
spot at a predetermined distance, asking you "for what range do you want it
regulated, and with what powder charge?"
It would never occur to such a gunsmith -- nor would it have occurred to
the founders -- that you mean "Can we get some government agency to pass
rules restricting the ownership of this weapon?" Such a use of the word
would have been totally foreign to them, since that usage of "regulation"
became popular only with the birth of the modern regulatory state, after
the Civil War.
To the founders, the main concern was that the militia NOT be made up of
bumbling klutzes unfamiliar with the sound of gunfire, unfamiliar with how
to scout a ridge line for an enemy ambush, and most of all ignorant of how
to load and fire their weapons on the move, even in inclement weather.
Rather, a "well-regulated militia" was a group of citizen soldiers who had
been meeting on the town green at least one Sunday a month to practice
loading and fire discipline, who knew their elected citizen-officers and
were accustomed to trusting and following their orders, and so on. The
closest modern synonym would probably be "well-practiced."
But since the central government now invades churches and murders women
and children with THEIR machine guns and incendiary devices if they suspect
church members have an "arsenal" of perfectly legal weapons; now that Janet
Reno's Justice Department has taken upon itself the duty of infiltrating
perfectly legal above-ground militias with agents provocateurs whose job is
to attempt to lead the members into criminal conspiracies, how is it that
you and they would propose we ESTABLISH modern, well-practiced militias?
Many of us would like to know.
If I announce formation of the Las Vegas citizen militia, and schedule
weekend shooting competitions and mock deployments designed to make my new
band of armed citizens "better regulated" in the use of selective-fire
assault weapons -- that is to say, better practiced at war-like skills --
can we or can we not expect to be infiltrated, "set up," busted, and jailed
Of course we can. How does this help us restore the "well-regulated
militia" you claim to support?
If we can take you at your word (which we cannot, of course -- it appears
all your specious arguments are really designed to make firearms ownership
seem ridiculous), you're the one who keeps insisting we gun owners should
form "well-regulated militia" units. Please, without placing ourselves
under government orders (which would only make us the modern equivalents of
Lord Howe's redcoats and Hessians) - and without getting ourselves jailed -
how are we to do that?
As opposed to the lies you continue to perpetrate, the Branch Davidians
at Mount Carmel were not armed with any illegal weapons. The local sheriff
had inspected their weapons not long before, and found them all to be
legal. None of the Branch Davidians were ever charged with -- or convicted
of -- any such weapons violations. The prosecution promised to hold up
samples of their illegal weapons at the trial of the Branch Davidian
survivors in San Antonio, but never did so. There were none.
Since when is it the responsibility of those who are attacked by armed
government helicopters and machine guns and finally tanks to "muster enough
public support to succeed"? This is like saying the Polish Jews obviously
had no right to survive in the Warsaw ghetto in 1943, because they "could
not muster enough public support to succeed." I find this doctrine hideous.
Waco proves that Americans need to own machine guns and anti-tank
missiles, and keep them in their homes. Otherwise, government agents
anxious for some "good TV footage" to show at their congressional funding
hearings will come to our homes and kill us and our children. This is not
some paranoid fantasy. We all watched it happen on TV, in Texas, in 1993.
The occupants of the Mount Carmel Church in Waco -- who were never given
any chance to respond peacefully to any warrant or summons or subpoena --
owned fewer firearms per capita than is the current average for all
citizens of Texas. There was no "huge armory." Perhaps next time the
government thugs will pick on someone OTHER than a bunch of old ladies and
children in a Seventh Day Adventist Church -- someone who DOES have the
training and the willingness to fight back. Fortunately, following Waco,
Americans civilians have been rearming like crazy, often collectively
buying as many as a MILLION new firearms per month. The thugs you love are
soon going to have some surprises, if they keep this up.
The eighth chapter of my book, "Send in the Waco Killers," is titled
"Demonizing the Militias." It tells the stories of many well-meaning
Americans who attempted to form "well-regulated militias" in the years
following Ruby Ridge and Waco. I interviewed several who scheduled drills
(with unloaded weapons) at town greens in Oregon and California -- clearing
their activities with local parks and recreation departments beforehand --
with the specific purpose of getting Americans used to seeing respectable
citizens in public, again, with military-style rifles, as had been common
in the 18th and 19th centuries.
How did folks like Janet Reno respond when these law-abiding citizens
decided to call the bluff of all you "It's only for a militia" whiners?
Almost to a man they had their fledgling, above-ground militias infiltrated
by government agents provocateurs who proposed that they commit crimes like
bank robbery and thefts from U.S. armories. When the undercover federal
operatives were unable to convince these decent veterans and lawyers to
commit such crimes, the government infiltrators settled for "setting them
up" on conspiracy charges, in some cases planting bomb makings (Macon,
Georgia) or stolen property (New Hampshire) on the targets of their
"investigations." Many are now in prison, despite the fact they never shot
anyone, or blew anything up.
I submit neither you nor the tyrannical government to which you would
like to grant a MONOPOLY on armed force has any interest in encouraging
the development of "well-regulated militias." Such arguments are mere
casuistry; your real goal is to disarm everyone but the professional
criminals and the government police, leaving the populace to live in
You ask: "If ever enough public support was available to assemble 'an
armed citizenry' to successfully overthrow the government of The United
States of America, would not that number be sufficient enough to resolve
the dispute at the ballot box?"
The purpose of the armed citizenry, as properly pointed out in the
amendment you keep insisting we cite correctly, is to preserve "the
security of a free state." To interpret that as meaning "the overthrow the
government of The United States of America" is disingenuous. There is no
need to overthrow a government which is kept within its constitutional
bounds by the knowledge that it faces an armed populace ever jealous of its
liberties -- nor is there any way to keep any government within such bounds
WITHOUT an armed citizenry. The founding fathers knew this. You would
merely like to wish away this truth -- demonstrated time and again, down
through the centuries.
You say you are concerned about someone in America "being able to
assemble an armed citizenry." Fortunately, there is no need for anyone to
"create" or "assemble" in America an armed citizenry. George Washington
found the citizenry armed when it flocked to his banner in 1776. It has
remained armed ever since.
Yet your paranoid fantasies of militiamen "attacking Pahrump" and
"fighting in the streets" have never come to pass, except when the
government in Washington City staged a military invasion of the southern
states from 1861 to 1865. If an armed citizenry is so dangerous, how come
we didn't see blood running in the streets back in 1899, or or 1919, or
1933 -- before there were ANY federal restrictions on the private ownership
of machine guns?
(The only exception I can think of was the invention of the tommy-gun
drive-by during alcohol Prohibition in the 1920s -- a problem solved
overnight by Franklin Roosevelt when he legalized alcohol in 1933. When was
the last time you heard of a modern Anheuser-Busch distributor taking a
machine gun to his competitor from Miller Lite? Yet I don't suppose we'd
want to end our equivalent epidemic of inner-city violence by ending our
own modern Prohibitions, today?)
If the 20th century teaches us nothing else, it is that government mass
murders occur in slave states where the citizenry is disarmed (the
Armenians in Turkey; the Ukrainians under Stalin, the Jews and Gypsies
under Hitler; the intellectuals under Mao and Pol Pot -- oh, what a happy
catalog you gun-banners have compiled) -- not in free nations where the
citizenry is armed, as in America.
If you wish to live in a country where the citizenry is disarmed, then
you do not want to live in the America envisioned by our founding fathers.
You can either move to Cuba or Red China, or you can endeavor to repeal the
Second Amendment -- instead of trying to twist its real and obvious
meaning, which is that any 14-year-old girl must be allowed to buy a
shoulder launched heat-seeking missile over the counter at Home Depot, for
cash, without showing any "government-issued ID."
Of course, since the states ratified the Constitution only on the promise
that a Bill of Rights (specifically including the right to keep and bear
arms) would be enacted, at that point the entire contract represented by
the current Constitution would be null and void, and an armed revolution
would indeed loom fairly likely. And how would you propose to win such a
fight, once you've given up your own arms?
To argue that, under the Second Amendment, "If you want to bear arms, you
can always join the Army or the National Guard," requires us to believe
that -- while George Washington was still president -- the founders enacted
a Bill of Rights which would have allowed the colonial governor of Virginia
to disarm and jail gentleman farmer George Washington and his friend George
Mason for founding the Fairfax County Militia -- which neither had the
blessing of nor was answerable to any government authority -- sneering "If
they want to bear arms, they can always go join the British Army."
The founders would clearly recognize in today's National Guard what they
called a "special militia" -- against any dependence on which they loudly
In his "Additional Letters from the Federal Farmer" (1788) Richard Henry
Lee, author of the Bill of Rights, insisted "A militia, when properly
formed, are in fact the people themselves, and render regular troops in a
great measure unnecessary. ... The constitution ought to secure a genuine
[militia], and guard against a select militia, by providing that the
militia shall always be kept well organized, armed, and disciplined, and
include ... all men capable of bearing arms, and that all regulations
tending to render this general militia useless and defenceless, by
establishing select corps of militia, or distinct bodies of military men
... be avoided."
If we allow such select corps of armed and uniformed men to be
established, Lee warned, "substantial men, having families and property"
will gradually fall away from the practice of arms, until they finally find
themselves "without arms, without knowing the use of them, and defenceless;
whereas, to preserve liberty, it is essential that the whole body of the
people always possess arms, and be taught alike, especially when young, how
to use them."
In the Pennsylvania ratification convention of 1787, delegate John Smilie
(among many others) issued the same warning as to what might happen without
a Second Amendment -- the condition they sought to a void by demanding a
"Congress may give us a select militia which will, in fact, be a standing
army -- or Congress, afraid of a general militia, may say there shall be no
militia at all. When a select militia is formed; the people in general may
Isn't this precisely what we see happening, now that the rock of the
Second Amendment is eroding? Yet far from rushing to arms to defend our
vanishing liberties, the like of correspondent T.P. actually
celebrate this travesty.
Rising in the Virginia convention, Patrick Henry could not have stated
the case more simply: "The great object is, that every man be armed. ...
Everyone who is able may have a gun."
"An armed citizenry" is a synonym for "a well-regulated militia," just as
"gun control and registration" has led to gun confiscation not just in the
older historical examples cited above, but in England and Australia just in
the past decade. The contrary argument requires us to ignore every single
historical example demonstrating where T.P.'s proposed course of action --
victim disarmament -- actually leads.
But fortunately, this argument neither can or will be decided by any
contest of dictionary definitions.
I am an American citizen. I am a member of the unorganized militia. As is
my duty (and in compliance with all federal and local laws), I am armed. If
T.P. or others like him wish to come to my house and try to disarm me, let
them come and try. Or will they, like all those cowards before them,
instead hire some uniformed thug to try and do their dirty work for them?
And when they come for me, in violation of the very principles to which
T.P. pretends to adhere, they'll be ... armed ... won't they?
I thought so.
(TO BE CONTINUED)